Introduction to Solids

Municipal Solid Waste

The term municipal solid waste (MSW) is generally used to describe most of the non-hazardous solid waste from a city, town or village that requires routine collection and transport to a processing or disposal site, Sources of MSW include private homes.

Hazardous Waste

Hazardous wastes are those that can cause harm to human and the environment. Wastes are classified as hazardous if they exhibit any of four primary characterises based on physical or chemical properties of toxicity, reactivity and corrosively.

Toxic Waste

Toxic wastes are those that are poisonous in small or trace amounts. Some may have acute or immediate effect on human or animals. Carcinogenic or mutagenic causing biological changes in the children of exposed people and animals.

Reactive Waste

Reactive wastes are those that have a tendency to react vigorously with air or water are unstable to shock or heat, generate toxic gases or explode during routine management.

Ignitable Waste

Are those that burn at relatively low temperatures (< 60 °C) and are capable of spontaneous combustion during storage transport or disposal. Examples: Gasoline, paint thinners and alcohol.

Industrial Waste

Food processing industries, metallurgical chemical and pharmaceutical unit’s breweries, sugar mills,fertilizer and pesticide industries are major ones which discharge toxic wastes.